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Tuesday, January 24, 2012

Mini Math Lesson- 1 more and less, 10 more and less

I wanted to pull hair out at the end of math today. This was not my favorite lesson. At all. It was my own fault since I tried teaching the lesson without manipulatives first. I thought using a 100s chart might be better. Boy, was I wrong! 

I started by point out that, when counting by 1s we go side to side, when we count by 10s we go up and down. This worked... a little.
Then I got wise, had everyone move to the carpet, and we pulled out the unifix cubes.

 Start out by building the base number-26. The first thing we were asked to do was add one more. Students had to specify that we were not adding another 'long' of 10 cubes, but just one single cube.

When we add one more cube and recount the total, we see that we have 27. To do the next one, we have to take away the extra cube first so we are back at the original number.

 After going back to the original number (26) we then take one cube away and recount the total. Now we have 25.
Now on to the 10s. Once again, we started with the base number- 26. Then my students had to explain why we were adding a 'long' instead of just a 'cube'.

Student- Mrs. Delk, we have to use a long because it has ten. A cube is just one.

 Add a 'long' and recount the total. We have 36!

Go back to the base number and try 10 less.

 We take a 'long' away and recount. We have 16!

 I know this might not seem like the hardest lesson, but believe me when I say my students were stumped for a good long while! I can tell we are going to have to have plenty of practice!

** Practice for home- I know you might not have unifix cubes at home ( I know I sure don't!) so try using dimes and pennies. Students can work on making money totals as well as adding and subtracting 10s and 1s.**


  1. Thanks for sharing this. You must use the same Math series as my district. It is our first year to use it and this lesson did not go well. I will try this with my class.

  2. I hope this helps! I really did want to pull hair out at the end of the lesson. I'll know better for next year- start with manipulatives!